The mountains are considered sacred in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, India is home to the highest mountain range of the Himalayas which is also home to world’s highest peak, Mount Everest. Here’s the list of the seven most prominent mountains of India with ranges, peaks, summits, hills and sub-ranges.
The Himalayas mountain range of India is home to many of world’s highest peaks including Earth’s highest peaks – Mount Everest. The Himalayas range is home to over 50 great mountains with 7,200 m (23,600 ft) in elevation and considered sacred in Hinduism.
Middle Himalaya Range
Lower Himalayan Range
Outer Himalaya Shivalik Range
Himalaya Karakoram Range
Himalaya Ladakh Range
Himalaya Zanskar Range
Extension of the Himalayan Range
Aravalli mountain range is the oldest range of India, starting near Delhi and ending in Gujarat while passing through Haryana and Rajasthan. The Aravalli Range is source of many Indian rivers, has several forest and home to list of leopard wildlife corridors. Highest peak of Aravalli Range is Guru Shikhar in Mount Abu at 1,722 metres (5,650 ft).
The Vindhya Range or Vindhyachal chain of mountains and ridges is actually a discontinuous mountain range in the geological sense. Vindhyachal meet the Satpura Range in the Maikal Hills near Amarkantak and the highest point of the Vindhyachal is Goodwill Peak at 2,467 feet.
The Satpura range of hills is parallel to the Vindhya Range to north and end in Amarkantak, from where Narmada River originates. Satpura meets Vindhya at Amarkantak and heavily forested area also famous for numerous tiger reserves like Kanha, Pench, Satpura and Pachmarhi. Highest point of the Satpura range is Dhupgarh an elevation of 1,352 metres (4,429 ft) in Pachmarhi.
The Western Ghats is also known as Sahyadri mountain range that runs parallel to the coast and sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. The Sahyadri range is one of the world’s 8 hottest hot-spots of biological diversity and home to many undiscovered species of wild animals found in India. Hhighest peak of the Western Ghats is Anamudi peak at an elevation of 2,695 metres (8,842 ft) in Kerala.
The discontinuous range of great mountains of Eastern Ghats run parallel to the Bay of Bengal from the state of Odisha through Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, meet the Western Ghats at Nilgiri mountains in Tamil Nadu. Jindhagada peak is the highest mountain peak of Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh and Deomali peak in Koraput is the highest mountain peak of Odisha.
The Purvanchal range is actually a sub-mountain range of the great Himalayas in northeastern India, cover the seven sister states and also home to popular Patkai hill rang, Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills, Naga Hills and Phawngpui Blue Mountain of Mizoram.
Shillong Plateau in Meghalaya state connects with the Purvanchal Patkai – Range, part of the Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion and one of the most species-rich areas in India. Mawsynram and Cherrapunji are the wettest place on earth, and the ecoregion is home to most unique species of wildlife in India.